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Paloalto Networks PCNSE Palo Alto Networks Certified Security Engineer (PCNSE) PAN-OS 10.2 Exam Practice Test

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Total 177 questions

Palo Alto Networks Certified Security Engineer (PCNSE) PAN-OS 10.2 Questions and Answers

Question 1

What type of address object would be useful for internal devices where the addressing structure assigns meaning to certain bits in the address, as illustrated in the diagram?

Question # 1

Options:

A.

IP Netmask

B.

IP Wildcard Mask

C.

IP Address

D.

IP Range

Question 2

An engineer decides to use Panorama to upgrade devices to PAN-OS 10.2.

Which three platforms support PAN-OS 10.2? (Choose three.)

Options:

A.

PA-220

B.

PA-800 Series

C.

PA-5000 Series

D.

PA-500

E.

PA-3400 Series

Question 3

Refer to the exhibit.

Question # 3

Which will be the egress interface if the traffic's ingress interface is ethernet1/7 sourcing from 192.168.111.3 and to the destination 10.46.41.113?

Options:

A.

ethernet1/6

B.

ethernet1/3

C.

ethernet1/7

D.

ethernet1/5

Question 4

An engineer configures a specific service route in an environment with multiple virtual systems instead of using the inherited global service route configuration.

What type of service route can be used for this configuration?

Options:

A.

IPv6 Source or Destination Address

B.

Destination-Based Service Route

C.

IPv4 Source Interface

D.

Inherit Global Setting

Question 5

An engineer needs to configure a standardized template for all Panorama-managed firewalls. These settings will be configured on a template named "Global" and will be included in all template stacks.

Which three settings can be configured in this template? (Choose three.)

Options:

A.

Log Forwarding profile

B.

SSL decryption exclusion

C.

Email scheduler

D.

Login banner

E.

Dynamic updates

Question 6

During the process of developing a decryption strategy and evaluating which websites are required for corporate users to access, several sites have been identified that cannot be decrypted due to technical reasons. In this case, the technical reason is unsupported ciphers Traffic to these sites will therefore be blocked if decrypted.

How should the engineer proceed?

Options:

A.

Install the unsupported cipher into the firewall to allow the sites to be decrypted

B.

Allow the firewall to block the sites to improve the security posture.

C.

Add the sites to the SSL Decryption Exclusion list to exempt them from decryption.

D.

Create a Security policy to allow access to those sites.

Question 7

A company wants to add threat prevention to the network without redesigning the network routing.

What are two best practice deployment modes for the firewall? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

VirtualWire

B.

Layer3

C.

TAP

D.

Layer2

Question 8

An engineer is monitoring an active/active high availability (HA) firewall pair.

Which HA firewall state describes the firewall that is experiencing a failure of a monitored path?

Options:

A.

Initial

B.

Tentative

C.

Passive

D.

Active-secondary

Question 9

Which new PAN-OS 11.0 feature supports IPv6 traffic?

Options:

A.

DHCPv6 Client with Prefix Delegation

B.

OSPF

C.

DHCP Server

D.

IKEv1

Question 10

A firewall engineer creates a destination static NAT rule to allow traffic from the internet to a webserver hosted behind the edge firewall. The pre-NAT IP address of the server is 153.6 12.10, and the post-NAT IP address is 192.168.10.10. Refer to the routing and interfaces information below.

Question # 10

Question # 10

What should the NAT rule destination zone be set to?

Options:

A.

None

B.

Outside

C.

DMZ

D.

Inside

Question 11

An administrator needs to build Security rules in a Device Group that allow traffic to specific users and groups defined in Active Directory.

What must be configured in order to select users and groups for those rules from Panorama?

Options:

A.

A User-ID Certificate profile must be configured on Panorama.

B.

The Security rules must be targeted to a firewall in the device group and have Group Mapping configured.

C.

User-ID Redistribution must be configured on Panorama to ensure that all firewalls have the same mappings.

D.

A master device with Group Mapping configured must be set in the device group where the Security rules are configured.

Question 12

An organization is interested in migrating from their existing web proxy architecture to the Web Proxy feature of their PAN-OS 11.0 firewalls. Currently. HTTP and SSL requests contain the c IP address of the web server and the client browser is redirected to the proxy

Which PAN-OS proxy method should be configured to maintain this type of traffic flow?

Options:

A.

DNS proxy

B.

Explicit proxy

C.

SSL forward proxy

D.

Transparent proxy

Question 13

A firewall engineer creates a source NAT rule to allow the company's internal private network 10.0.0.0/23 to access the internet. However, for security reasons, one server in that subnet (10.0.0.10/32) should not be allowed to access the internet, and therefore should not be translated with the NAT rule.

Which set of steps should the engineer take to accomplish this objective?

Options:

A.

1. Create a source NAT rule (NAT-Rule-1) to translate 10.0.0/23 with source address translation set to dynamic IP and port.

2. Create another NAT rule (NAT-Rule-2) with source IP address in the original packet set to 10.0.0.10/32 and source translation set to none.

3. Place (NAT-Rule-1) above (NAT-Rule-2).

B.

1- Create a NAT rule (NAT-Rule-1) and set the source address in the original packet to 10.0.0.0/23.

2. Check the box for negate option to negate this IP subnet from NAT translation.

C.

1. Create a source NAT rule (NAT-Rule-1) to translate 10.0.0/23 with source address translation set to dynamic IP and port.

2. Create another NAT rule (NAT-Rule-2) with source IP address in the original packet set to 10.0.0.10/32 and source translation set to none.

3. Place (NAT-Rule-2) above (NAT-Rule-1).

D.

1. Create a NAT rule (NAT-Rule-1) and set the source address in the original packet to 10.0.0.10/32.

2. Check the box for negate option to negate this IP from the NAT translation.

Question 14

An enterprise Information Security team has deployed policies based on AD groups to restrict user access to critical infrastructure systems. However, a recent phishing campaign against the organization has prompted Information Security to look for more controls that can secure access to critical assets. For users that need to access these systems. Information Security wants to use PAN-OS multi-factor authentication (MFA) integration to enforce MFA.

What should the enterprise do to use PAN-OS MFA?

Options:

A.

Configure a Captive Portal authentication policy that uses an authentication sequence.

B.

Configure a Captive Portal authentication policy that uses an authentication profile that references a RADIUS profile.

C.

Create an authentication profile and assign another authentication factor to be used by a Captive Portal authentication policy.

D.

Use a Credential Phishing agent to detect, prevent, and mitigate credential phishing campaigns.

Question 15

An engineer is configuring a template in Panorama which will contain settings that need to be applied to all firewalls in production.

Which three parts of a template an engineer can configure? (Choose three.)

Options:

A.

NTP Server Address

B.

Antivirus Profile

C.

Authentication Profile

D.

Service Route Configuration

E.

Dynamic Address Groups

Question 16

What can the Log Forwarding built-in action with tagging be used to accomplish?

Options:

A.

Block the source zones of selected unwanted traffic.

B.

Block the destination IP addresses of selected unwanted traffic.

C.

Forward selected logs to the Azure Security Center.

D.

Block the destination zones of selected unwanted traffic.

Question 17

Review the screenshot of the Certificates page.

Question # 17

An administrator for a small LLC has created a series of certificates as shown, to use for a planned Decryption roll out. The administrator has also installed the self-signed root certificate in all client systems.

When testing, they noticed that every time a user visited an SSL site, they received unsecured website warnings.

What is the cause of the unsecured website warnings?

Options:

A.

The forward untrust certificate has not been signed by the self-singed root CA certificate.

B.

The forward trust certificate has not been installed in client systems.

C.

The self-signed CA certificate has the same CN as the forward trust and untrust certificates.

D.

The forward trust certificate has not been signed by the self-singed root CA certificate.

Question 18

A company has configured GlobalProtect to allow their users to work from home. A decrease in performance for remote workers has been reported during peak-use hours.

Which two steps are likely to mitigate the issue? (Choose TWO)

Options:

A.

Exclude video traffic

B.

Enable decryption

C.

Block traffic that is not work-related

D.

Create a Tunnel Inspection policy

Question 19

A network engineer has discovered that asymmetric routing is causing a Palo Alto Networks firewall to drop traffic. The network architecture cannot be changed to correct this.

Which two actions can be taken on the firewall to allow the dropped traffic permanently? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Navigate to Network > Zone Protection Click Add

Select Packet Based Attack Protection > TCP/IP Drop Set "Reject Non-syn-TCP" to No Set "Asymmetric Path" to Bypass

B.

> set session tcp-reject-non-syn no

C.

Navigate to Network > Zone Protection Click Add

Select Packet Based Attack Protection > TCP/IP Drop Set "Reject Non-syn-TCP" to Global Set "Asymmetric Path" to Global

D.

# set deviceconfig setting session tcp-reject-non-syn no

Question 20

An administrator would like to determine which action the firewall will take for a specific CVE. Given the screenshot below, where should the administrator navigate to view this information?

Question # 20

Options:

A.

The profile rule action

B.

CVE column

C.

Exceptions lab

D.

The profile rule threat name

Question 21

A firewall engineer reviews the PAN-OS GlobalProtect application and sees that it implicitly uses web-browsing and depends on SSL.

When creating a new rule, what is needed to allow the application to resolve dependencies?

Options:

A.

Add SSL and web-browsing applications to the same rule.

B.

Add web-browsing application to the same rule.

C.

Add SSL application to the same rule.

D.

SSL and web-browsing must both be explicitly allowed.

Question 22

Which source is the most reliable for collecting User-ID user mapping?

Options:

A.

Syslog Listener

B.

Microsoft Exchange

C.

Microsoft Active Directory

D.

GlobalProtect

Question 23

Which statement is correct given the following message from the PanGPA log on the GlobalProtect app?

Failed to connect to server at port:47 67

Options:

A.

The PanGPS process failed to connect to the PanGPA process on port 4767

B.

The GlobalProtect app failed to connect to the GlobalProtect Portal on port 4767

C.

The PanGPA process failed to connect to the PanGPS process on port 4767

D.

The GlobalProtect app failed to connect to the GlobalProtect Gateway on port 4767

Question 24

Which three external authentication services can the firewall use to authenticate admins into the Palo Alto Networks NGFW without creating administrator account on the firewall? (Choose three.)

Options:

A.

RADIUS

B.

TACACS+

C.

Kerberos

D.

LDAP

E.

SAML

Question 25

An engineer is configuring Packet Buffer Protection on ingress zones to protect from single-session DoS attacks.

Which sessions does Packet Buffer Protection apply to?

Options:

A.

It applies to existing sessions and is global.

B.

It applies to new sessions and is not global.

C.

It applies to existing sessions and is not global.

D.

It applies to new sessions and is global.

Question 26

Which two items must be configured when implementing application override and allowing traffic through the firewall? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Application filter

B.

Application override policy rule

C.

Security policy rule

D.

Custom app

Question 27

In the New App Viewer under Policy Optimizer, what does the compare option for a specific rule allow an administrator to compare?

Options:

A.

The running configuration with the candidate configuration of the firewall

B.

Applications configured in the rule with applications seen from traffic matching the same rule

C.

Applications configured in the rule with their dependencies

D.

The security rule with any other security rule selected

Question 28

An auditor is evaluating the configuration of Panorama and notices a discrepancy between the Panorama template and the local firewall configuration.

When overriding the firewall configuration pushed from Panorama, what should you consider?

Options:

A.

The firewall template will show that it is out of sync within Panorama.

B.

The modification will not be visible in Panorama.

C.

Only Panorama can revert the override.

D.

Panorama will update the template with the overridden value.

Question 29

A firewall engineer creates a new App-ID report under Monitor > Reports > Application Reports > New Applications to monitor new applications on the network and better assess any Security policy updates the engineer might want to make.

How does the firewall identify the New App-ID characteristic?

Options:

A.

It matches to the New App-IDs downloaded in the last 90 days.

B.

It matches to the New App-IDs in the most recently installed content releases.

C.

It matches to the New App-IDs downloaded in the last 30 days.

D.

It matches to the New App-IDs installed since the last time the firewall was rebooted.

Question 30

Which log type would provide information about traffic blocked by a Zone Protection profile?

Options:

A.

Data Filtering

B.

IP-Tag

C.

Traffic

D.

Threat

Question 31

Which CLI command displays the physical media that are connected to ethernet1/8?

Options:

A.

> show system state filter-pretty sys.si. p8. stats

B.

> show system state filter-pretty sys.sl.p8.phy

C.

> show system state filter-pretty sys.sl.p8.med

D.

> show interface ethernet1/8

Question 32

Why would a traffic log list an application as "not-applicable”?

Options:

A.

The firewall denied the traffic before the application match could be performed.

B.

The TCP connection terminated without identifying any application data

C.

There was not enough application data after the TCP connection was established

D.

The application is not a known Palo Alto Networks App-ID.

Question 33

An organization wants to begin decrypting guest and BYOD traffic.

Which NGFW feature can be used to identify guests and BYOD users, instruct them how to download and install the CA certificate, and clearly notify them that their traffic will be decrypted?

Options:

A.

Authentication Portal

B.

SSL Decryption profile

C.

SSL decryption policy

D.

comfort pages

Question 34

The decision to upgrade PAN-OS has been approved. The engineer begins the process by upgrading the Panorama servers, but gets an error when attempting the install.

When performing an upgrade on Panorama to PAN-OS. what is the potential cause of a failed install?

Options:

A.

Outdated plugins

B.

Global Protect agent version

C.

Expired certificates

D.

Management only mode

Question 35

Given the following snippet of a WildFire submission log, did the end user successfully download a file?

Question # 35

Options:

A.

No, because the URL generated an alert.

B.

Yes, because both the web-browsing application and the flash file have the 'alert" action.

C.

Yes, because the final action is set to "allow.''

D.

No, because the action for the wildfire-virus is "reset-both."

Question 36

Which operation will impact the performance of the management plane?

Options:

A.

Decrypting SSL sessions

B.

Generating a SaaS Application report

C.

Enabling DoS protection

D.

Enabling packet buffer protection

Question 37

A firewall engineer is configuring quality of service (OoS) policy for the IP address of a specific server in an effort to limit the bandwidth consumed by frequent downloads of large files from the internet.

Which combination of pre-NAT and / or post-NAT information should be used in the QoS rule?

Options:

A.

Post-NAT source IP address Pre-NAT source zone

B.

Post-NAT source IP address Post-NAT source zone

C.

Pre-NAT source IP address Post-NAT source zone

D.

Pre-NAT source IP address Pre-NAT source zone

Question 38

Refer to the diagram. Users at an internal system want to ssh to the SSH server. The server is configured to respond only to the ssh requests coming from IP 172.16.16.1.

In order to reach the SSH server only from the Trust zone, which Security rule and NAT rule must be configured on the firewall?

Question # 38

Options:

A.

NAT Rule:

Source Zone: Trust -

Source IP: Any -

Destination Zone: Server -

Destination IP: 172.16.15.10 -

Source Translation: Static IP / 172.16.15.1

Security Rule:

Source Zone: Trust -

Source IP: Any -

Destination Zone: Trust -

Destination IP: 172.16.15.10 -

Application: ssh

B.

NAT Rule:

Source Zone: Trust -

Source IP: 192.168.15.0/24 -

Destination Zone: Trust -

Destination IP: 192.168.15.1 -

Destination Translation: Static IP / 172.16.15.10

Security Rule:

Source Zone: Trust -

Source IP: 192.168.15.0/24 -

Destination Zone: Server -

Destination IP: 172.16.15.10 -

Application: ssh

C.

NAT Rule:

Source Zone: Trust -

Source IP: Any -

Destination Zone: Trust -

Destination IP: 192.168.15.1 -

Destination Translation: Static IP /172.16.15.10

Security Rule:

Source Zone: Trust -

Source IP: Any -

Destination Zone: Server -

Destination IP: 172.16.15.10 -

Application: ssh

D.

NAT Rule:

Source Zone: Trust -

Source IP: Any -

Destination Zone: Server -

Destination IP: 172.16.15.10 -

Source Translation: dynamic-ip-and-port / ethernet1/4

Security Rule:

Source Zone: Trust -

Source IP: Any -

Destination Zone: Server -

Destination IP: 172.16.15.10 -

Application: ssh

Question 39

What can be used as an Action when creating a Policy-Based Forwarding (PBF) policy?

Options:

A.

Deny

B.

Discard

C.

Allow

D.

Next VR

Question 40

Which server platforms can be monitored when a company is deploying User-ID through server monitoring in an environment with diverse directory services?

Options:

A.

Red Hat Linux, Microsoft Exchange, and Microsoft Terminal Server

B.

Novell eDirectory, Microsoft Terminal Server, and Microsoft Active Directory

C.

Red Hat Linux, Microsoft Active Directory, and Microsoft Exchange

D.

Novell eDirectory, Microsoft Exchange, and Microsoft Active Directory

Question 41

What is the best description of the Cluster Synchronization Timeout (min)?

Options:

A.

The maximum time that the local firewall waits before going to Active state when another cluster member is preventing the cluster from fully synchronizing

B.

The time that a passive or active-secondary firewall will wait before taking over as the active or active-primary firewall

C.

The timeframe within which the firewall must receive keepalives from a cluster member to know that the cluster member is functional

D.

The maximum interval between hello packets that are sent to verify that the HA functionality on the other firewall is operational

Question 42

When you import the configuration of an HA pair into Panorama, how do you prevent the import from affecting ongoing traffic?

Options:

A.

Set the passive link state to shutdown".

B.

Disable config sync.

C.

Disable the HA2 link.

D.

Disable HA.

Question 43

A network security engineer needs to enable Zone Protection in an environment that makes use of Cisco TrustSec Layer 2 protections

What should the engineer configure within a Zone Protection profile to ensure that the TrustSec packets are identified and actions are taken upon them?

Options:

A.

TCP Fast Open in the Strip TCP options

B.

Ethernet SGT Protection

C.

Stream ID in the IP Option Drop options

D.

Record Route in IP Option Drop options

Question 44

When you troubleshoot an SSL Decryption issue, which PAN-OS CL1 command do you use to check the details of the Forward Trust certificate. Forward Untrust certificate, and SSL Inbound Inspection certificate?

Options:

A.

show system setting ssl-decrypt certificate

B.

show system setting ssl-decrypt certs

C.

debug dataplane show ssl-decrypt ssl-certs

D.

show system setting ssl-decrypt certificate-cache

Question 45

Which two policy components are required to block traffic in real time using a dynamic user group (DUG)? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

A Deny policy for the tagged traffic

B.

An Allow policy for the initial traffic

C.

A Decryption policy to decrypt the traffic and see the tag

D.

A Deny policy with the "tag" App-ID to block the tagged traffic

Question 46

After importing a pre-configured firewall configuration to Panorama, what step is required to ensure a commit/push is successful without duplicating local configurations?

Options:

A.

Ensure Force Template Values is checked when pushing configuration.

B.

Push the Template first, then push Device Group to the newly managed firewall.

C.

Perform the Export or push Device Config Bundle to the newly managed firewall.

D.

Push the Device Group first, then push Template to the newly managed firewall

Question 47

PBF can address which two scenarios? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Routing FTP to a backup ISP link to save bandwidth on the primary ISP link

B.

Providing application connectivity the primary circuit fails

C.

Enabling the firewall to bypass Layer 7 inspection

D.

Forwarding all traffic by using source port 78249 to a specific egress interface

Question 48

When using certificate authentication for firewall administration, which method is used for authorization?

Options:

A.

Local

B.

Radius

C.

Kerberos

D.

LDAP

Question 49

An administrator has configured a pair of firewalls using high availability in Active/Passive mode. Link and Path Monitoring is enabled with the Failure Condition set to "any." There is one link group configured containing member interfaces ethernet1/1 and ethernet1/2 with a Group Failure Condition set to "all."

Which HA state will the Active firewall go into if ethernet1/1 link goes down due to a failure?'

Options:

A.

Active-Secondary

B.

Non-functional

C.

Passive

D.

Active

Question 50

Which statement regarding HA timer settings is true?

Options:

A.

Use the Recommended profile for typical failover timer settings

B.

Use the Moderate profile for typical failover timer settings

C.

Use the Aggressive profile for slower failover timer settings.

D.

Use the Critical profile for faster failover timer settings.

Question 51

Which two statements correctly describe Session 380280? (Choose two.)

Question # 51

Options:

A.

The session went through SSL decryption processing.

B.

The session has ended with the end-reason unknown.

C.

The application has been identified as web-browsing.

D.

The session did not go through SSL decryption processing.

Question 52

A network security administrator wants to begin inspecting bulk user HTTPS traffic flows egressing out of the internet edge firewall. Which certificate is the best choice to configure as an SSL Forward Trust certificate?

Options:

A.

A self-signed Certificate Authority certificate generated by the firewall

B.

A Machine Certificate for the firewall signed by the organization's PKI

C.

A web server certificate signed by the organization's PKI

D.

A subordinate Certificate Authority certificate signed by the organization's PKI

Question 53

An organization conducts research on the benefits of leveraging the Web Proxy feature of PAN-OS 11.0.

What are two benefits of using an explicit proxy method versus a transparent proxy method? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

No client configuration is required for explicit proxy, which simplifies the deployment complexity.

B.

Explicit proxy supports interception of traffic using non-standard HTTPS ports.

C.

It supports the X-Authenticated-User (XAU) header, which contains the authenticated username in the outgoing request.

D.

Explicit proxy allows for easier troubleshooting, since the client browser is aware of the existence of the proxy.

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Total 177 questions